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Choosing the Right Aquarium Filter

The filter is the life support of the fish tank and selecting the correct type and size for your tank is critical to preserving good water quality and consequently wholesome fish.

There are many choices of filters offered, the most widely used are internal power filters and external canister filters. Some store-bought tank sets may possibly feature one of these filter forms. Other types of filter may be suitable in some scenarios, such as air-powered sponge or small-container filters and undergravel filter systems.

For small to medium tanks, internal power filter is the most preferred choice for an aquarium hobbyist. In larger aquariums, more than one filter may be employed, or they can be put together with an external canister filter system. Regardless of what brand you use, make certain the filter is graded for the size of your tank, or if possible a bit larger, to allow for some margin.

Each has its advantages and disadvantages. Internal power filters, include an electrical pump known as a powerhead that pulls water through one or more filter medium compartments. The entire detail is placed inside the tank, usually fitted to the glass via rubber suckers or a plastic clip. Generally, an airline tube can be connected to the powerhead to add air to the outgoing stream of water; when this reduces the turnover a little the greater turbulence increases the rate at which oxygen can pass into the water.
Obviously, greater turbulence also pushes away carbon dioxide that may be a bad thing in a planted tank where carbon dioxide fertilization is being used. The key benefits to the internal power filter are that it is functioning at the same level as the fish tank so there is no head strain for the pump to work against and that it is normally very easy to take out and clean when needed. The main drawbacks of internal filters are that they tend to be pricey in terms of turnover per cost and that being set up inside the aquarium they are unattractive unless properly hidden behind plants or rocks. Internal power filters also tend to be rather small, so while enough for standard community tropicals, they are much less beneficial in aquariums with large, messy fish.

A healthy, properly taken care of tank can take up to six weeks to set up. Even so, once set up, the tank is easy to manage with regular filter changes, tank cleaning, and suitable feeding of the fish. Freshwater aquarium filters are easy to handle and help you keep your aquarium healthy and balanced for long time.

Freshwater Aquarium Maintenance

Monthly maintenance
Continuous success of your fish tank relies on routine aquarium maintenance. Routine aquarium maintenance, at least once a month eliminates piled up organic material, nitrate, sludge and fish waste, that can cause water chemistry complications, excess algae growth, fish stress, disease and fish death. Water adjustments and gravel clean-up are the first important measures to stop these issues.

Partial water changes
Replacing water of about 10-25%, at least once a month of the aquarium size are essential to retain suitable water biochemistry. More consistent 10% water changes every two weeks are sometimes even more effective, particularly if the tank has had problems.

How to change the water
1. Unplug all of the equipment, such as heaters, pumps and filters.
2. Take out ornaments that need cleaning, but leave some in for the fish.
3. Apply plastic plants and ornaments with a light layer of SeriClean and put them in a tube used only for the aquarium. Keep them in there for a time to break down algae. Do not squirt SeriClean directly into the aquarium!
4. Use a gravel cleaning solution to siphon out around 25% of the tank water. The gravel cleaner must be shoved down into the gravel, irritating off the debris. Clean the gravel in this way all through the aquarium and siphon any evident debris on the gravel surface. Keep gravel away of the hose.
5. Fill up the fish tank now with clean water the same temperature as the tank water.
6. Add a high standard water dechlorinator/conditioner to the tank as soon as the tank is filled. There are many high quality conditioners to choose from.
7. Add Aquarium Cleaner (or a similar product) to hinder filtration disruption, to get rid of sludge and keep filters clean.
8. Wash it out the decorations completely that have been soaking in SeriClean and set them back to the aquarium.

If the aquarium is not set up with an undergravel filter, gravel vacuuming (water change) and filter care should not be carried out at the same time. This can cause a too big of a loss of beneficial bacteria needed to drive the cycle. Aquariums depending on single filters should be gravel cleansed one week and the filters taken care of the third week. Always add Aquarium Cleaner or similar conditioner following water changes and filter maintenance. If there’s two filters, never clean them both at the same time or in the same week.

Keep on reading – cleaning a fish tank, home aquarium cleaning tips and how to clean your aquarium.

Perennial Maintenance

mywonderfulperennialPerennial flower maintenance is a knowledge that takes learning and years of gardening experience.

Soak the plants right after planting and check frequently to avoid drying out. The general guideline is to add one inch of water per week for grown plants. Not so repetitive but deep watering promotes perennials to root heavily. Perennials that are claimed to endure drought are drought tolerant only after they have become established. The inclusion of mulch will help to lessen the need for repeated watering.

Add a light covering of fresh compost and work it in to help to make plants healthy. Then add some mulch to sustain moisture as needed.

Cultivate close to plants and fill in with annuals where unfilled sections occur.

Most perennials profit from lifting and dividing every three to four years. Still, some perennials dislike being displaced and are better off being propagated by cuttings or seed. When separating plants, refreshing the soil by incorporating organic matter such as leaf mold or compost can work wonders!